ARTICLE XXI: RANKINGS

SECTION 1: Points Eligibility
A. Only results from varsity/open divisions will be used.

B. Only tournaments that meet the criteria in Article I Section 7 shall count for points.

C. Invitationals (see I.7.1 and I.7.3) are only eligible if they have at least 3 schools (see I.6) and at least 10 teams are competing in the varsity/open division. 

D. Only two-person teams are eligible.

SECTION 2: Unique Teams

A. A unique team is a team where neither member is also a member of a higher ranked unique team. In the event that a debater is a member of two equally ranked teams, one of those teams shall randomly be named unique.

B. Non-unique teams shall be ranked, but their ranks will be enclosed in parentheses on the rankings.

C. A team’s rank equals the number of unique teams that rank higher than it plus 1.

SECTION 3: Invitational Tournaments

A. Adjusted field size shall be calculated using the following formula:

(Open Field Size) + (JV Field Size) / (3) + (Novice Field Size) / (3)

B. Points shall be awarded for reaching elimination round at an eligible tournament based on the chart below:

NPDL_Rankings_chart

C. A tournament should break between 27% and 45.3% of its open field. The following penalties are applied (to breaking teams only) if this percentage is different:

[3.4% - 4.7%] 6 point penalty

[4.8% - 6.7%] 5 point penalty

[6.8% - 9.5%] 4 point penalty

[9.6% - 13.4%] 3 point penalty

[13.5% - 19.0%] 2 point penalty

[19.1% - 26.9%] 1 point penalty

If a tournament breaks over 45.3% of the field to elimination rounds, the first elimination round will count as an additional preliminary round for point purposes. No other changes will be made to the points earned by advancing teams.

D. A tournament should have a minimum of 5 prelims. The following adjustments are applied (to breaking teams only) if the number of prelims is different:

7 or more prelims: 3 point bonus

6 prelims: 1 point bonus

4 prelims: 3 point penalty

3 prelims: 6 point penalty

2 prelims: 10 point penalty

E. No team will lose points from attending a tournament.

SECTION 4: Unusual Circumstances at Invitationals

A. Invitationals without elimination rounds shall award points as follows:

2-1 = 2 points

3-0 = 5 points

3-1 = 4 points

4-0 = 9 points

3-2 = 3 points

4-1 = 8 points

5-0 = 12 points

5-1 = 11 points

4-2 = 5 points

B. Tournament that do not hold a final round, but break to semifinals, will be assigned points based on the “Without Elimination Rounds” scale. Semifinalists will receive points based on their record, including the semifinal round as a loss or a win.

C. Teams advancing after walking over a team from the same school will earn half of the points normally granted for advancing to the next elimination round. The other half of the points will be added to the total points earned by the non-advancing team.

D. Non-advancing teams receive the points normally allotted for tournaments without elimination rounds. Advancing teams receive points according to normal invitational rules.

E. If a tournament fails to break at least 1/3 of teams in competition to elimination rounds, teams placing in the top 1/3 of competitors will receive points based on their preliminary round record, following the points which would be allocated to them in a tournament without elimination rounds.

F. If a tournament does not break teams to elimination rounds that reasonably should have broken, and the Tournament Director confirms the improper break, those teams excluded will receive points for the first elimination round.

SECTION 5: Championship Tournaments

A. Points for competing in the NPDL Tournament of Champions shall be as follows:

ballot = 2 points

break = 2 points

elimination round win = 4 points

championship = 2 bonus points

B. Points for competing in CHSSA shall be as follows:

State Tournament alternate: 4 points (but only if the state qualifying tournament has 20 or more entries)

State Tournament qualifier: 8 points

State Tournament prelim ballot: 1 point

State Tournament elim win: 4 points

State Tournament championship: 2 bonus points

C. Points for competing in OSAA shall be as follows:

State Tournament qualifier: 8 points

State Tournament prelim win: 2 points

State Tournament elim win: 4 points

State Tournament championship: 2 bonus points


D. The points awarded under this section shall not count toward NPDL-TOC qualification (see XXII) and shall not be added to the rankings until March 2 or later.

SECTION 6: Team Rankings

A. The total point value for each team shall be calculated using the diminishing marginal returns formula, as follows:

(points from best tournament performance)(1) + (points from second best tournament performance)(0.9) + (points from third best tournament performance)(0.6) + (points from fourth best tournament performance)(0.3) + (points from fifth through seventh best tournaments)(0.1)

Points will not be factored into the formula from tournaments beyond the seventh best.

B. Each team shall be listed on the rankings under the name of the school the debaters on that team attend (including non-member schools). Hybrid teams shall list both schools.

SECTION 7: Individual Rankings

A. A debater's individual rank equals the hypothetical team rank that debater would have obtained had they attended all tournaments with the same partner.

B. NPDL will only publish the individual rank of debaters whose point values put them in the top 30 of the overall rankings.

SECTION 8: School Rankings

A. Only NPDL member schools are eligible to be listed on school rankings.

B. Each member school shall be ranked based on the sum of all unweighted points of all its teams (including non-unique)

C. The points for hybrid teams shall be split between the debaters' schools.

SECTION 9: Reporting Results

A. NPDL will calculate rankings based on the results made publicly available on Tabroom.com by the tournaments. NPDL does not commit to independently verifying whether these results are accurate. If a student does not compete under their school name, NPDL does not commit to independently verifying that student’s actual school unless this information is reported to NPDL (see sub-section B).

B. If results from a tournament are not publicly available on Tabroom.com or if the publicly available results are inaccurate or incomplete, tournaments and members of the public are encouraged to report the correct tournament results to npdlboard+WEBDIRECTOR@gmail.com . If NPDL determines that the information provided in these reports is correct, it will revise the rankings accordingly.

C. The NPDL will provide a window of 30 calendar days from the date of the end of a tournament to report results. Results received after 30 calendar days will be ruled ineligible for inclusion in the national rankings.

ARTICLE XXII: QUALIFICATION TO THE NPDL TOURNAMENT OF CHAMPIONS

SECTION 1: Autoqualification

A. A first-round qualification requires earning 35 points by January 1.

B. A second-round qualification requires earning 42 points by March 1. Only tournament results reported to NPDL on or before March 1 shall count for autoqualification purposes.

C. An individual who has a tournament points total on the qualification date that is equal to or greater than the automatic qualification points threshold shall autoqualify to the TOC.

D. A team of two individuals, both of whom autoqualify under Paragraph C, shall be eligible to accept an autoqualification bid to TOC.

SECTION 2: At-Large Qualification

A. The TOC Director will set the deadline(s) for at-large applications.These deadlines may vary by region (see sub-section D). All such deadlines will be announced prior to December 1.

B. The only required materials for an an-large application will be the at-large application form.

C. The applications will be scored according to the following formula 

1. Tournament Points (Partner 1 Points + Partner 2 Points)/ 2

2. Underrepresented Region (15 points possible)

Point Allocations 

0 points: California regions 1, 3, 4

10 points: Oregon and California region 2

15 points: all other regions

3. Small School

If multiple teams from a school apply for an at-large, the small school points shall only be awarded to the otherwise highest ranked team from that school.

Point Allocations  (15 possible)

5 points: Applicants would be first from their school in 3 or more seasons to attend the NPDL-TOC

10 points: Applicants would be the only team from their school competing at the NPDL-TOC this year.

4. Underrepresented Minority in Debate 

Each member of a team is scored separately, with a maximum of three points for an individual, and five points for the team.

Point Allocations (5 possible)

3 points: Underrepresented racial minority (Black, Latinx, Native American, Pacific Islander)

2 points: Female or nonbinary

D. Regional At-Large Bids

1. The top four teams from each region that is a state, and the top two teams from each region in California, shall receive bids to the NPDL-TOC. 

2. If fewer than that number autoqualify, the remaining bids for a region shall be given to the teams with the highest at-large scores. In consultation with member schools from a given region, the TOC Director may set an application deadline for regional at-large bids from that region that is earlier than the general deadline, in order to enable qualifying teams more time to make travel arrangements. In the event of a tie in at-large application scores that affects which team will receive a bid, the tie will be broken by tournament points.

3. The director shall create a waitlist for each region, which includes those teams that applied for an at-large bid from the same region, ordered by total at-large score. When a team receives a regional at-large bid but autoqualifies, declines the at-large bid, or otherwise drops from the tournament, the Director will offer the bid to the next team on the waitlist, subject to the director’s ability to close tournament registration at a reasonable point in time.

E. Wildcard At-Large Bids

1. After autoqualification and regional at-large bids have been allocated, the director shall allocate remaining at-large bids based on total at-large application score, regardless of region. The director may use a waitlist for wildcard at-large bids, subject to the director’s ability to close tournament registration at a reasonable point in time.

ARTICLE XXIII: BOARD ELECTION PROCEDURES

SECTION 1: Board elections shall be held annually May 1-7 (see VI.1).

SECTION 2: By April 16, the Inspector of Election shall distribute to the representatives a finalized list of candidates (see VI.3).

SECTION 3: By April 5, people considering running for a Board position should submit a Statement of Interest to the Inspector of Election. The Statement of Interest should list one or more Board positions the person is interested in. A Statement of Interest does not constitute a definite commitment to run in the election. By April 6, the Inspector of Election shall create an email chain containing all people who submitted a Statement of Interest, and shall inform all of them about who is interested in which position(s).

SECTION 4: Candidacy declarations are due to the Inspector of Election by April 15. No person may run for more than one position (see V.13).

SECTION 5: Each candidate may make a written candidate statement. Candidate statements are due to the Inspector of Election by April 19. The Inspector of Election shall distribute candidate statements to the representatives by April 20. The Inspector of Election may create candidate statement guidelines.

SECTION 6: The Board shall appoint an assistant Inspector of Election (see VI.2). The assistant Inspector of Election may not be a candidate in the elections they supervise. The assistant Inspector of Election shall make announcements to the representatives in the event that the Inspector of Election is not available. The Inspector of Election and the assistant Inspector of Election shall both have full access to the votes submitted by the representatives. The final vote count shall be certified by both the Inspector of Election and the assistant Inspector of Election. If the Inspector of Election and the assistant Inspector of Election cannot agree on the final vote count, the Board shall appoint a second assistant Inspector of Election in order to break the tie.

SECTION 7: To be eligible to vote in Board elections, a school must register for NPDL membership by April 27.

SECTION 8: By April 29, all candidates in those elections must be provided a list of representatives eligible to vote in the election.

SECTION 9: The names of all representatives who cast a vote shall be shared with all the candidates, but the information about how the representatives voted shall be confidential. By accepting their position, Inspectors of Election (including assistants) agree to never share information about individual representatives’ votes with any other person except the other inspectors for that election.

SECTION 10: Votes should be submitted to the npdl.elections@gmail.com account. Inspectors of Election (including assistants) shall maintain the integrity of the votes data until August 31 following the Board election. Between September 1 and September 30, the Inspector of Election shall delete all votes data from the npdl.elections@gmail.com account, and then return that account to the Board.

SECTION 11: Any candidate placing second in a contested election and any losing candidate in an uncontested election may request a recount of the votes. The recount request shall be submitted to the Board in writing by May 15. The Board shall then nominate a person to be a Recount Inspector (an assistant Inspector of Election in charge of recounting votes). If the recount requester is not satisfied with that nomination, they may nominate a different person to be a Recount Inspector. If the Board unanimously rejects the recount requester’s nomination, the person the Board originally nominated shall be the Recount Inspector. Otherwise, the person the recount requester nominated shall be the Recount Inspector. Any Board Member who is a recount requester or ran against the recount requester in that election shall recuse themselves from the Board decisions regarding that recount. If the Recount Inspector certifies the election winner who was originally announced, the election results for that Board position shall be considered final. Otherwise, the Board shall create additional procedures for determining the election winner.

ARTICLE XXIV: LEAGUE MEETING PROCEDURES

SECTION 1: Videoconferencing

Representatives from schools that are located in the same region that a regular league meeting is held in may not vote in that meeting remotely.

If a regular league meeting is held at a tournament, representatives from schools that attend that tournament may not vote in that meeting remotely.

All other representatives may participate in and vote in regular league meetings via a teleconferencing platform chosen by the Chair.

ARTICLE XXV: MEMBERSHIP REGISTRATION

SECTION 1: The NPDL membership registration form shall be the document in Appendix B. The Secretary may modify the text of Appendix B upon giving notice to the Board. The Secretary shall create an online membership registration form based on Appendix B.

SECTION 2: To register their school for NPDL (see I.8) or to renew membership the head coach should email a completed membership registration form to npdl.board@gmail.com . Alternatively, the head coach may fill out the online membership registration form (see Section 1).

SECTION 3: Membership must be renewed annually. A school’s membership registration/renewal shall expire on November 30 of the following season.

SECTION 4: The term of a student representative shall expire no later than June 30 of the season when they were selected. The adult representative may create a procedure for removing or replacing the student representative prior to June 30 (see II.3).

ARTICLE XXVI: BOARD VOTING

SECTION 1: Each Board position may be held by no more than two people.

SECTION 2: Each Board position shall have one vote. If a Board position is held jointly by two co-officers, they should come to an agreement about their vote, and then cast a single vote. If the two co-officers cannot agree on a vote, their vote shall count as abstaining. If only one co-officer is present at the Board meeting, that co-officer may unilaterally cast a vote representing that Board position.

ARTICLE XXVII: ONLINE FORUM

SECTION 1: To be eligible for an NPDL Forum account, one must fit one of the roles below. Each user account shall indicate the user’s role. If the user fits more than one role, the role higher on the list shall be indicated.

A.   NPDL Board member

B.   NPDL adult representative

C.   NPDL student representative

D.   Head coach of an NPDL member school

E.   Assistant coach of an NPDL member school

F.    Student at an NPDL member school

G.   NPDL volunteer

 SECTION 2: User account

A.   The username must include the person’s first and last name.

B.   The user account must include the person’s school affiliation.

SECTION 3: Posting Guidelines

A. Do not make posts that are sexist, racist, homophobic, or otherwise advocate for the oppression of or result in the marginalization of any individual, particularly of any member of underprivileged social groups.

B. Do not use profanity or post obscene images or links.

C. Do not make personal attacks on other users. This rule should not be used to prohibit criticism of specific policies or practices at parliamentary debate tournaments, events, or organizations.

D. Do not spam. Do not advertise for-profit organizations. Limit advertisement of non-profit organizations to issues relevant to parliamentary debate.

E.   The Board may create additional guidelines.

 SECTION  4: Moderation

A.   The forum shall have one or more moderators responsible for enforcing the posting guidelines and for approving new users.

B.   A moderator must be a high school graduate and must be 18 years or older.

C.   Moderators are nominated by the Web Director and approved by the Board.

SECTION 5: Consequences

Moderators may at their discretion assign the following consequences to users who violate the posting guidelines. Users may appeal the moderator’s decision to the Board.

A.   Deleting the offending post.

B.   Issuing a warning to the user.

C.   Temporarily or permanently making the user’s account view-only.

D.   Temporarily or permanently banning the user. Moderators may not ban Board members, head coaches, adult representatives, or student representatives.

E.    Recommending to the Board that the offending post be reported to the head coach of the school the user is affiliated with. If the offending post is made by the head coach, the moderator may recommend to the Board that the post be reported to the school principal.

F.    At the request of the head coach, moderators shall apply any of the above consequences to any of the users affiliated with that head coach’s school.